Diverse as these situations may seem, efforts are made to construct a plausible sense of what is happening, and this sense of plausibility normalizes the breach, restore the expectation, and enables projects to continue.
the concept of sense-making suggests that plausibility rather than accuracy is the ongoing standard that guides learning. *1
*3:Martens, M. L. et al., 2007.“ Do the Stories They Tell Get Them the Money They Need? The Role of Entrepreneurial Narrativesin Resource Acquisition, ”Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 50, pp. 11071132.
Fundamentally concerned with "being attentive to and aware of what is taking place in the present", mindfulness has been posited to help people become "alive" to the present moment, attuned to their internal processes and state, and healthier, physically and mentally. *7
*1:Sine, W. D. et al., 2003. "The Halo Effect and Technology Licensing: The influence of Institutional Prestige on the Licensing of University Inventions," ManagementSicence, Vol. 49, pp. 478-496.
*2:Joshi, A. & Roh, H. 2009. "The Role of Context in Work Team Diversity Research: A Meta-Analytic Review." Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 52, pp. 599-627. 及び Horwitz, S. K. & Horwitz, I. B. 2007. "The Effects of Team Diversity on Team Outcomes: A meta-Analytic Review of Team Demography, " journal of Management, Vol. 33, pp. 987-1015.
*3:Foloni, R. "Here's the Presentation Google Gives Employees on How to Sport Unconscious Bias at Work," BUSINESS INSIDER, February 11, 2016.
*4:Ocasio, W. 1997. "Towards an Attention-Based View of the Firm." Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, pp. 187-206.
*5:Cho, T.S.&Hambrick, D. C. 2006. "Attention as the Mediator Between Top Management Team Characteristics and Strategic Change: The Case of Airline Deregulation." Organization Science, Vol. 17, pp.417-526.
*6:Beaty,R. E. Et al., 12018, "Robust Prediction of Individual Creative Ability from Brain Functional Connectivity," PNAS, Vol. 115,pp. 1087-1092.
*7:Dane, E.2011. "Paying Attention to Mindfulness and Its Effects on Task Performance in the Workplace," Journal of Management, Vol. 37,pp. 997-1018.
Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of members.
Leaders are agents of change - person who acts affect other people more than other peoples acts affect on them. Leaders occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of others in the group.*1